Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans. Most such bees are honey bees in the genus Apis, but other honey-producing bees such as Melipona stingless bees are also kept. A beekeeper (or apiarist) keeps bees in order to collect their honey and other products that the hive produce (including beeswaxpropolisflower pollenbee pollen, and royal jelly), to pollinate crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. A location where bees are kept is called an apiary or “bee yard”.

The Products Of Apiculture

The most widely grown and economically important bee species is the European bee (bee), but also keep beekeepers subfamily Apidae other species within a range of (bee) and Meliponinae (stingless bees) of. Bees gather a lot of honey and flower pollen.

They transformed into nectar and honey by flapping their wings nectar, water evaporation, by adding specific enzymes your body’s glands. Finally, the honey bee typically sealed in their finished comb hexagonal cell. Pollen protein, fat, vitamins, and the source of the bees; honey Carbohydrates provide an important source of energy. While collecting pollen and nectar, the bees cross-pollinate flowers, and allow or improve the production of seeds and fruits.

Economically, bees pollinate more valuable than honey producers. Farmers rent more than one million colonies annually pollinate crops valued at more than $ 10 billion. Unlike other pollinators, bees can be easily transferred to the agricultural sector, which need to pollinate the crop.

Most beekeepers keep the honey hive, the bees, but also produce other useful products. Beeswax candles from the cell cap for high-quality and old comb, drugs, emulsions, and the friction-reducing wax skis and surfboards. As well as honey, bee several other sources of food for humans.

Bee nest (that is mounted on a brood comb hive of young bees) is a form of meat consumed in many non-European countries. Human and animal food additive is a royal jelly and bee pollen collection, which is made as bee larvae and the production of food. Some bee is also used as a drug.

Since the 1930s, researchers have refined extraction technology to collect venom, because bee stings can alleviate the symptoms of arthritis, rheumatism and other diseases. Propolis, plant gluelike a resin, used to maintain the bee comb used in cosmetic creams and treatment, and may have an antibiotic or anesthetic properties.
Propolis is a component in some previous varnish, including a Stradivarius violin varnish.

Threats To Apiculture

Bee culture susceptible of many diseases, insects, parasites and predators. Bees swarm in the United States on the 1990s, when a sharp decline in the trachea and the Varroa mite population was destroyed in some areas 90 percent of the hive. To apiculture Another recent, widely publicized, honeybees, bee suctellata threat from Africa.

Varroa_destructor

This subspecies of the common European bees to take over their more docile European relatives hives. Africanized bee imports from Africa in 1957 and hope that Brazil, under tropical conditions will improve their resistance to cold Brazilian beekeeping business. Unfortunately, some of the colonies established in the wild or escaped captive populations of farmland taken over other hives.

Africanized bee

Bees steadily northward spread to the United States in 1990 reached Texas, and continues to move up on both sides. Africanized bee hive brands, because they are difficult to actively exist to deal with mobile beekeeping, often the group, leaving the hive and produce less than European bees.

These bees are well-known quality is slow to anger and irritation, which can be deadly to humans and other animals, and have caused several deaths. African bees led to increased public attention beekeepers insurance, because they have to pay, because it may take over the Africanized bee, which is the risk of a threat to security in the region remains urticaria of humans and animals.

People Africanized bee hives beekeepers in Venezuela has killed reason burned by the body to attack other citizens, whether or not incorporating Africanized bee hive causing the problem. Many beekeepers also voluntarily destroyed their hives, because they can not handle more aggressive bees.

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